Petar Stoyanovich

What unites Germany, the united Kingdom, Belgium, Portugal and Bulgaria in a unique and unexpect-ed way?
No, it's not the European union, and not even football. All these countries were ruled in the past and even today by branches of the Saxe-coburg family who with their talent and persistence imposed their influence far beyond the modest geographical borders of their homeland.
Wettin is one of the oldest German aristocratic families dating back to the second half of the Xth century, successor to the nobles directly descended from the court of charlemagne. The influence of the Wettins spread practically to all the major southern provinces of a united Germany. The family castle near Halle in modern-day Saxony-Anhalt gives its name to the fam-ily which is preserved to this day in the male line of both branches - Ernestine (the older line) and Albertine line (more recent). From the middle ages to the modern day many markgrafs from Meisen, landgrafs from Turingen, counts and kurfust of Saxony, kings of Saxony, Poland, Belgium, Portugal and Great Britain originated from

About Coburgs

the line of the Wettins. Last but not least the cradle of the Bulgarian royal dynasty originated from the coburgs.
If the mediaeval tradition of the Hapsburgs to rule the world through skilful marriage policy has any analogy in the modern time, then this must undoubtedly be the dexterity and vision of the rulers of the small county of Sachsen-coburg and Gotha. Their legacy is very well expressed in the phrase, "Let other people wage our wars. You, happy Austria, you marry. What Mars gives to the others, Venus will give it to you". (Bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube Nam quae Mars aliis, dat tibi diva Venus). As a result of this policy the progeny of the small county on the territory of Turingen in Bavaria, which existed from 1826 to 1919, ruled some of the most influential monarchies in the world. By habit in many countries, and due to powerful nepotism in Bulgaria, one family is accepted as the permanent source of mutuali-

ty, benefit and support at all costs. In the royal households the fact that your "uncle is the Bishop", rarely brings a specific div-idend. Traditionally monarchs call each other "dear cousin. This is due to the transcontinental mixing of blood, but also symbolises the unity of power granted by God dis-tributed upon their subjects of many nationalities. The interests of the individual states ruled by branches of the house of coburg defined the policy of the relevant monarchs rather than their family relations. The clearest proof of this lies not only in the economic policies of modern history, but also in the logic with which the coburg-ruled states took part in the two world wars.
The individual national dynasties of the Saxe-coburgs have their own visible distinguishing features. The father of the Belgium dynasty, Leopold, was born as Prince von Sachsen-coburg-Saafeld, and acting Russian Lieutenant General and tutor to his niece and future


Nine royal persons in Windsor at the funeral of King Edward VII (1901-1910) - father of the host George V (seated in the centre). From left to right standing: Haakon VII  King of Norway; Ferdinand I  King of bulgaria; Manuel II - King of Portugal; Wilhelm II - King of Prussia and German Emperor; Georgios I - King of Greece; albert I - King of belguim. Seated: alfonso XIII - King of Spain; King George V; Frederik VIII  King of Denmark. London, 20th May, 1910.